# Hecke Algebra Isomorphisms and Adelic Points on Algebraic Groups

### Gunther Cornelissen

Mathematisch Instituut, Universiteit Utrecht, Postbus 80.010, 3508 TA Utrecht, Nederland### Valentijn Karemaker

Department of Mathematics, University of Pennsylvania, David Rittenhouse Labs, 209 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6395, U.S.A.

## Abstract

Let $G$ denote a linear algebraic group over $\bold{Q}$ and $K$ and $L$ two number fields. We establish conditions on the group $G$, related to the structure of its Borel groups, under which the existence of a group isomorphism $G(\bold{A}_{K,f}) \cong G(\bold{A}_{L,f})$ over the finite adeles implies that $K$ and $L$ have isomorphic adele rings. Furthermore, if $G$ satisfies these conditions, $K$ or $L$ is a Galois extension of $\bold{Q}$, and $G(\bold{A}_{K,f}) \cong G(\bold{A}_{L,f})$, then $K$ and $L$ are isomorphic as fields. We use this result to show that if for two number fields $K$ and $L$ that are Galois over $\bold{Q}$, the finite Hecke algebras for $\mathrm{GL}(n)$ (for fixed $n \geq 2$) are isomorphic by an isometry for the $L^1$-norm, then the fields $K$ and $L$ are isomorphic. This can be viewed as an analogue in the theory of automorphic representations of the theorem of Neukirch that the absolute Galois group of a number field determines the field, if it is Galois over $\bold{Q}$.

## Cite this article

Gunther Cornelissen, Valentijn Karemaker, Hecke Algebra Isomorphisms and Adelic Points on Algebraic Groups. Doc. Math. 22 (2017), pp. 851–871

DOI 10.4171/DM/580