JournalsjemsVol. 11 , No. 3DOI 10.4171/jems/157

Toric structures on near-symplectic 4-manifolds

  • Margaret Symington

    Mercer University, Macon, United States
  • David T. Gay

    University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
Toric structures on near-symplectic 4-manifolds cover


A near-symplectic structure on a 4-manifold is a closed 2-form that is symplectic away from the 1-dimensional submanifold along which it vanishes and that satisfies a certain transversality condition along this vanishing locus. We investigate near-symplectic 4-manifolds equipped with singular Lagrangian torus fibrations which are locally induced by effective Hamiltonian torus actions. We show how such a structure is completely characterized by a singular integral affine structure on the base of the fibration whenever the vanishing locus is nonempty. The base equipped with this geometric structure generalizes the moment map image of a toric 4-manifold in the spirit of earlier work by the second author on almost toric symplectic 4-manifolds. We use the geometric structure on the base to investigate the problem of making given smooth torus actions on 4-manifolds symplectic or Hamiltonian with respect to near-symplectic structures and to give interesting constructions of structures which are locally given by torus actions but have nontrivial global monodromy.