Our ﬁrst objective in this paper is to give a natural formulation of the Christoffel problem for hypersurfaces in ℍ_n_+1, by means of the hyperbolic Gauss map and the notion of hyperbolic curvature radii for hypersurfaces. Our second objective is to provide an explicit equivalence of this Christoffel problem with the famous problem of prescribing scalar curvature on Sn for conformal metrics, posed by Nirenberg and Kazdan–Warner. This construction lets us translate into the hyperbolic setting the known results for the scalar curvature problem, and also provides a hypersurface theory interpretation of such an intrinsic problem from conformal geometry. Our third objective is to place the above result in a more general framework. Speciﬁcally, we will show how the problem of prescribing the hyperbolic Gauss map and a given function of the hyperbolic curvature radii in ℍ_n_+1 is strongly related to some important problems on conformally invariant PDEs in terms of the Schouten tensor. This provides a bridge between the theory of conformal metrics on Sn and the theory of hypersurfaces with prescribed hyperbolic Gauss map in ℍ_n_+1. The fourth objective is to use the above correspondence to prove that for a wide family of Weingarten functionals W(κ_1, . . . , κn), the only compact immersed hypersurfaces in ℍ_n+1 on which W is constant are round spheres.
Cite this article
José M. Espinar, José A. Gálvez, Gabriel Soler López, Hypersurfaces in ℍ<sup><em>n</em>+1</sup> and conformally invariant equations: the generalized Christoffel and Nirenberg problems. J. Eur. Math. Soc. 11 (2009), no. 4, pp. 903–939DOI 10.4171/JEMS/170