In this paper, we consider the fractional Laplacian -(-Δ)α/2 on an open subset in ℝ_d_ with zero exterior condition. We establish sharp two-sided estimates for the heat kernel of such Dirichlet fractional Laplacian in _C_1.1 open sets. This heat kernel is also the transition density of a rotationally symmetric α-stable process killed upon leaving a _C_1.1 open set. Our results are the first sharp two-sided estimates for the Dirichlet heat kernel of a non-local operator on open sets.
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Zhen-Qing Chen, Panki Kim, Renming Song, Heat kernel estimates for the Dirichlet fractional Laplacian. J. Eur. Math. Soc. 12 (2010), no. 5, pp. 1307–1329DOI 10.4171/JEMS/231