JournalsjemsVol. 12 , No. 5DOI 10.4171/jems/231

Heat kernel estimates for the Dirichlet fractional Laplacian

  • Zhen-Qing Chen

    University of Washington, Seattle, United States
  • Panki Kim

    Seoul National University, South Korea
  • Renming Song

    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States
Heat kernel estimates for the Dirichlet fractional Laplacian cover

Abstract

In this paper, we consider the fractional Laplacian -(-Δ)α/2 on an open subset in ℝ_d_ with zero exterior condition. We establish sharp two-sided estimates for the heat kernel of such Dirichlet fractional Laplacian in _C_1.1 open sets. This heat kernel is also the transition density of a rotationally symmetric α-stable process killed upon leaving a _C_1.1 open set. Our results are the first sharp two-sided estimates for the Dirichlet heat kernel of a non-local operator on open sets.