Random-cluster measures on infinite regular trees are studied in conjunction with a general type of `boundary condition', namely an equivalence relation on the set of infinite paths of the tree. The uniqueness and non-uniqueness of \rc\ measures are explored for certain classes of equivalence relations. In proving uniqueness, the following problem concerning branching processes is encountered and answered. Consider bond percolation on the family-tree of a branching process. What is the probability that every infinite path of , beginning at its root, contains some vertex which is itself the root of an infinite open sub-tree?
Cite this article
Geoffrey R. Grimmett, Svante Janson, Branching processes, and random-cluster measures on trees. J. Eur. Math. Soc. 7 (2005), no. 2, pp. 253–281DOI 10.4171/JEMS/28