Instabilities of invariant quasi-periodic tori

  • Gerard Farré

    Royal Institute of Thechnology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden
  • Bassam Fayad

    Université Paris Diderot-Université Pierre et Marie Curie, France
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We prove the existence of real analytic Hamiltonians with topologically unstable quasi-periodic invariant tori. Using various versions of our examples, we solve the following problems in the stability theory of analytic quasi-periodic motion:

  1. Show the existence of topologically unstable tori of arbitrary frequency. Moreover, the Birkhoff Normal Form at the invariant torus can be chosen to be convergent, equal to a planar or non-planar polynomial.
  2. Show the optimality of the exponential stability for Diophantine tori.
  3. Show the existence of real analytic Hamiltonians that are integrable on half of the phase space, and such that all orbits on the other half accumulate at infinity.
  4. For sufficiently Liouville vectors, obtain invariant tori that are not accumulated by a positive measure set of quasi-periodic invariant tori.

Cite this article

Gerard Farré, Bassam Fayad, Instabilities of invariant quasi-periodic tori. J. Eur. Math. Soc. 24 (2022), no. 12, pp. 4363–4383

DOI 10.4171/JEMS/1206