The spectrum of the focusing Zakharov–Shabat operator on the circle is studied, and its explicit dependence on the presence of a semiclassical parameter is also considered. Several new results are obtained. In particular: (i) it is proved that the resolvent set is comprised of two connected components; (ii) new bounds on the location of the Floquet and Dirichlet spectra are obtained, some of which depend explicitly on the value of the semiclassical parameter; (iii) it is proved that the spectrum localizes to a “cross” in the spectral plane in the semiclassical limit. The results are illustrated by discussing several examples in which the spectrum is computed analytically or numerically.
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Gino Biondini, Jeffrey Oregero, Alexander Tovbis, On the spectrum of the periodic focusing Zakharov–Shabat operator. J. Spectr. Theory 12 (2022), no. 3, pp. 939–992DOI 10.4171/JST/432