# Eigenvalue counting inequalities, with applications to Schrödinger operators

### Alexander Elgart

Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, USA### Daniel Schmidt

Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, USA

## Abstract

We derive a sufficient condition for a Hermitian $N \times N$ matrix $A$ to have at least $m$ eigenvalues (counting multiplicities) in the interval $(-\epsilon, \epsilon)$. This condition is expressed in terms of the existence of a principal $(N-2m) \times (N-2m)$ submatrix of $A$ whose Schur complement in $A$ has at least $m$ eigenvalues in the interval $(-K\epsilon, K\epsilon)$, with an explicit constant $K$. We apply this result to a random Schrödinger operator $H_{\omega}$, obtaining a criterion that allows us to control the probability of having $m$ closely lying eigenvalues for $H_{\omega}$ – a result known as an $m$-level Wegner estimate. We demonstrate its usefulness by verifying the input condition of our criterion for some physical models. These include the Anderson model and random block operators that arise in the Bogoliubov–de Gennes theory of dirty superconductors.

## Cite this article

Alexander Elgart, Daniel Schmidt, Eigenvalue counting inequalities, with applications to Schrödinger operators. J. Spectr. Theory 5 (2015), no. 2, pp. 251–278

DOI 10.4171/JST/97