In this paper, we study the spectrum structure of second-order difference operators with sign-changing weight. We apply the Sylvester inertia theorem to show that the spectrum consists of real and simple eigenvalues; the number of positive eigenvalues is equal to the number of positive elements in the weight function, and the number of negative eigenvalues is equal to the number of negative elements in the weight function. We also show that the eigenfunction corresponding to the -th positive/negative eigenvalue changes its sign exactly times.
Cite this article
Ruyun Ma, Chenghua Gao, Yanqiong Lu, Spectrum theory of second-order difference equations with indefinite weight. J. Spectr. Theory 8 (2018), no. 3, pp. 971–985DOI 10.4171/JST/219