# Discrete spectrum of quantum Hall effect Hamiltonians I. Monotone edge potentials

### Vincent Bruneau

Université Bordeaux 1, Talence, France### Pablo L. Miranda

Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile### Georgi Raikov

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago de Chile, Chile

## Abstract

We consider the unperturbed operator $H_0 : = (-i \nabla - A)^2 + W$, self-adjoint in $L^2(\mathbb{R}^2)$. Here $A$ is a magnetic potential which generates a constant magnetic field $b>0$, and the edge potential $W$ is a non-decreasing non constant bounded function depending only on the first coordinate $x \in \mathbb{R}$ of $(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2$. Then the spectrum of $H_0$ has a band structure and is absolutely continuous; moreover, the assumption $\lim_{x \to \infty}(W(x) - W(-x)) < 2b$ implies the existence of infinitely many spectral gaps for $H_0$. We consider the perturbed operators $H_{\pm} = H_0 \pm V$ where the electric potential $V \in L^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^2)$ is non-negative and decays at infinity. We investigate the asymptotic distribution of the discrete spectrum of $H_\pm$ in the spectral gaps of $H_0$. We introduce an effective Hamiltonian which governs the main asymptotic term; this Hamiltonian involves a pseudo-differential operator with generalized anti-Wick symbol equal to $V$. Further, we restrict our attention on perturbations $V$ of compact support and constant sign. We establish a geometric condition on the support of $V$ which guarantees the finiteness of the eigenvalues of $H_{\pm}$ in any spectral gap of $H_0$. In the case where this condition is violated, we show that, generically, the convergence of the infinite series of eigenvalues of $H_+$ (resp. $H_-$) to the left (resp. right) edge of a given spectral gap, is Gaussian.

## Cite this article

Vincent Bruneau, Pablo L. Miranda, Georgi Raikov, Discrete spectrum of quantum Hall effect Hamiltonians I. Monotone edge potentials. J. Spectr. Theory 1 (2011), no. 3, pp. 237–272

DOI 10.4171/JST/11