# On perfect polynomials over $\mathbb{F}_p$ with $p$ irreducible factors

### Luis H. Gallardo

Université de Brest, France### Olivier Rahavandrainy

Université de Brest, France

## Abstract

We consider, for a fixed odd prime number $p$, monic polynomials in one variable over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ which are equal to the sum of their monic divisors. Call them \emph{perfect} polynomials. We prove that the exponents of each irreducible factor of any perfect polynomial having no root in $\mathbb{F}_p$ and $p$ irreducible factors are all less than $p-1$. We completely characterize those perfect polynomials for which each irreducible factor has degree two and all exponents do not exceed two.

## Cite this article

Luis H. Gallardo, Olivier Rahavandrainy, On perfect polynomials over $\mathbb{F}_p$ with $p$ irreducible factors. Port. Math. 69 (2012), no. 4, pp. 283–303

DOI 10.4171/PM/1918