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We prove strong convergence of a semi-discrete finite difference method for the KdV and modified KdV equations. We extend existing results to non-smooth data (namely, in ), without size restrictions. Our approach uses a fourth order (in space) stabilization term and a special conservative discretization of the nonlinear term. Convergence follows from a smoothing effect and energy estimates. We illustrate our results with numerical experiments, including a numerical investigation of an open problem related to uniqueness posed by Y. Tsutsumi.
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Paulo Amorim, Mário Figueira, Convergence of a finite difference method for the KdV and modified KdV equations with data. Port. Math. 70 (2013), no. 1, pp. 23–50DOI 10.4171/PM/1924