# Conductive Homogeneity of Compact Metric Spaces and Construction of $p$-Energy

### Jun Kigami

Kyoto University, Japan

In the ordinary theory of Sobolev spaces on domains of $\mathbb{R}^n$, the $p$-energy is defined as the integral of $|\nabla{f}|^p$. In this paper, we try to construct a $p$-energy on compact metric spaces as a scaling limit of discrete $p$-energies on a series of graphs approximating the original space. In conclusion, we propose a notion called conductive homogeneity under which one can construct a reasonable $p$-energy if $p$ is greater than the Ahlfors regular conformal dimension of the space. In particular, if $p = 2$, then we construct a local regular Dirichlet form and show that the heat kernel associated with the Dirichlet form satisfies upper and lower sub-Gaussian type heat kernel estimates. As examples of conductively homogeneous spaces, we present new classes of square-based self-similar sets and rationally ramified Sierpiński crosses, where no diffusions were constructed before.