# Integrating the Wigner Distribution on Subsets of the Phase Space, a Survey

### Nicolas Lerner

Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France

This book is published *open access.*

We review several properties of integrals of the Wigner distribution on subsets of the phase space. Along our way, we provide a theoretical proof of the invalidity of Flandrin's conjecture, a fact already proven via numerical arguments in our joint paper [J. Fourier Anal. Appl. 26 (2020), no. 1, article no. 6] with B. Delourme and T. Duyckaerts. We use also the J.G. Wood & A.J. Bracken paper [J. Math. Phys. 46 (2005), no. 4, article no. 042103], for which we offer a mathematical perspective. We review thoroughly the case of subsets of the plane whose boundary is a conic curve and show that Mehler's formula can be helpful in the analysis of these cases, including for the higher dimensional case investigated in the paper [J. Math. Phys. 51 (2010), no. 10, article no. 102101] by E. Lieb and Y. Ostrover. Using the Feichtinger algebra, we show that, generically in the Baire sense, the Wigner distribution of a pulse in $L_{2}(R_{n})$ does not belong to $L_{1}(R_{2n})$, providing as a byproduct a large class of examples of subsets of the phase space $R_{2n}$ on which the integral of the Wigner distribution is infinite. We study as well the case of convex polygons of the plane, with a rather weak estimate depending on the number of vertices, but independent of the area of the polygon.